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People of the St. Francois Rivière (St. Francis)
Historical Information (Prior to 1800)

Last Updated Dec-2008

St. Francis People



Bits & Pieces from Books, news-clippings, etc.


Hoyt describes a route by the St. Francis [River], Lake Memphremagog and a portage to the Passumpsic and Connecticut. This might best serve the Indians of St. Francis and Bécancour. ... The nearest way to the New Hampshire villages was by the St. Francis, through passes of the White Mountains to Lake Winnepesaukee (which is but thirty miles from Dover) and thence by the Merrimac to the settlements on or near that river. ... To the Maine frontier they would come from Quebec to the Chaudiere River, four and a half miles distant, making carries to the head waters of the Maine rivers. To the Kennebec they had to cross some ten or twelve miles of mountainous land.

Source: New England Captives Carried to Canada [1]


Samuel Hoyt (drowned 1862), was a distinguished hunter, and used often to join the St. Francis Indians in their excursions around Memphremagog Lake. He found them to be uniformly honest, upright and peaceable, except when under the influence of strong drink. ... but, in general, he had far less trouble with the Indians than with his white brethren. They sometimes hunted in company, and at other times agreed upon a division of the ground. Engagements of this kind were honestly kept by the Indians.

Source: The Outlet - Oct 1993
Jacques Boisvert